A new study finds that in addition to autism being more common in males than females, differences in brain structure can also be a factor, regardless of biological sex. It suggests that having a brain with features more commonly found in male brains is linked to higher probability of having autism spectrum disorder.
Autism may strain family life even before children are diagnosed with the disorder, according to a new study that suggests caregivers and patients alike may benefit from treatment tailored to specific sources of stress in the household.
A new survey of parents suggests that as many as one out of every 45 US children aged between 3 and 17 years have autism, a number that far exceeds official US estimates of one in 68 children, US researchers said on Friday.
Autism is a range of neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior. Researchers have found the first evidence of a genetic link between autism and prodigy. For the study, the researchers defined prodigy as a child who achieved national or international recognition for a specific skill by adolescence. This finding may help explain why the two groups share certain characteristics, such as exceptionally good memories.
As co-director of the University of Alberta's Autism Research Centre, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum has devoted much of his career to understanding how to identify autism as early as possible. But despite his years of experience, Zwaigenbaum says many physicians like him would do well to seek other expert advice when working with children not yet diagnosed, that of the parents of these young patients.