1045 GMT May 26, 2018
Stroke symptoms usually begin suddenly as a result of oxygen deprivation to brain tissue. The signs can be remembered with the word F.A.S.T, according to express.co.uk.
The ‘F’ stands for face — the face may have dropped on one side, the person may not be able to smile, or their mouth or eye may have dropped.
The ‘A’ is for arms — the person with suspected stroke may not be able to lift both arms and keep them there because of weakness or numbness in one arm.
’S’ stands for speech — their speech may be slurred or garbled, or the person may not be able to talk at all despite appearing to be awake.
The ’T' is for time — it’s time to dial Emergency Medical Services immediately if you notice any of these signs or symptoms.
A big stroke can be fatal, but for many people who experience a stroke, recovery is long but possible.
To prevent a stroke from happening in the first place, the National Health Service (NHS) advises four things — eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking.
These lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of problems like arteries becoming clogged with fatty substances, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels.
If you have already experienced a stroke, these changes can also help reduce your risk of having another one in the future.
An unhealthy diet can increase your chances of having a stroke, according to the NHS.
It stated, “A low-fat, high-fiber diet is usually recommended, including plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and wholegrain.
“Ensuring a balance in your diet is important. Don’t eat too much of any single food, particularly foods high in salt and processed foods.
“You should limit the amount of salt you eat to no more than six grams a day as too much salt will increase your blood pressure. Six grams of salt is about one teaspoonful.”
Regular exercise can also help lower your cholesterol and keep your blood pressure healthy.
The health body recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as cycling or fast walking, every week is recommended.
Smoking significantly increases your risk of having a stroke as it narrows your arteries and makes your blood more likely to clot.
The NHS explained, “You can reduce your risk of having a stroke by stopping smoking. Not smoking will also improve your general health and reduce your risk of developing other serious conditions, such as lung cancer and heart disease.”