0458 GMT November 17, 2017
The United States has breached the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on nine different occasions according to the six-month report on the progress of the implementation of JCPOA, said the member of the Committee for Foreign Policy and National Security of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran.
Morteza Saffari-Natanzi added that the report, which is to be released by the committee, offers solutions to counter those violations.
The ongoing saga of the US officials’ unfair complaints against the JCPOA has entered a new phase in recent weeks as the US Congress now has 60 days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions against Iran after US President Donald Trump claimed that the nuclear deal is not in “the national security interests” of the United States.
However, despite his harsh criticism of the nuclear deal, calling it the “worst deal ever,” Trump hesitates to walk out of the deal, only refusing to certify Iran’s compliance with the landmark agreement – a decision he is bound by law to make every 90 days – while the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has eight times confirmed Iran’s compliance with the JCPOA.
According to US law, the secretary of state, Rex Tillerson, is duty-bound to deliver a 90-day report to Congress, reviewing Iran’s commitment to the nuclear agreement.
Now Congress has 60 days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions lifted under the terms of the agreement. If so, that would signify the infringement of the deal by the US, which would require a response by Iran.
If sanctions are restored, it would appear that Congress intends to force Iran to renegotiate the nuclear agreement.
Meanwhile, Iran’s Parliament is providing the latest six-month report on the progress of the implementation of JCPOA, to be released by the Committee for Foreign Policy and National Security within the next few days. The report contains Iran’s reaction to the possible withdrawal by the US from the JCPOA.
Following is Iran Daily’s exclusive interview with Saffari-Natanzi:
Iran Daily: What is your prediction on what the US Congress will do? Are they going to follow Trump’s approach of canceling the JCPOA?
Saffari-Natanzi: That remains to be seen since Trump is yet to reach a firm conclusion on JCPOA despite his previous harsh stances, leaving Congress with the decision on the issue.
Meanwhile, there are mixed views among members of Congress. The latest measures by Congress suggest a possible strategy to force the US administration to renegotiate the nuclear deal with Iran as they believe that certain terms of the agreement, which jeopardize US interests, need to be revised.
However, we have repeatedly emphasized that the JCPOA cannot be renegotiated.
The JCPOA is an international agreement, approved and signed by the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, plus Germany and Iran. Also, UN Resolution 2231 was adopted to support the agreement.
The JCPOA is not just a bilateral agreement between Iran and the US, meaning that Congress would not be able to call for the revision of the agreement.
I believe that, eventually, Congress will not succeed in its efforts.
Q: What would be Iran’s reaction against a possible restoration of sanctions? Would Iran ignore its interests and walk out of the agreement?
A: Iran has said that it would comply with the JCPOA for as long as it guarantees its interests. Otherwise, we would not be bound by it. In the meantime, if the US withdrawal from the JCPOA threatens our interests, especially with respect to the sanctions, we would not remain committed to the deal either.
Q: What is the latest on the six-month report by Parliament and its contents?
A: The latest three-month report by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the progress of the JCPOA was delivered to the Committee for Foreign Policy and National Security a few days ago. Due to the latest aggressive approach by Trump toward the nuclear deal, the report highlights nine instances of violation of the deal by the US government.
Therefore, a six-month report on the situation will be submitted at the Parliament’s open session within the next few days.
In addition to the breaching of the agreement on the part of the US, the report also looks at Iran’s obligations under the nuclear deal.
Ultimately, in accordance with the latest directives issued by Parliament, the report offers proposals to counteract the United States’ destructive policies toward Iran.