April 28, 2017 0204 GMT
Taking part in the expedition is Dr. Holly Shiels from the University of Manchester, the only Britain-based scientist on the expedition aboard the research vessel Sanna commissioned by the Greenland government, news.xinhuanet.com wrote.
A spokesman at the university said: "The purpose of the mission is to understand more about the Greenland shark, a top predator in the Arctic, which lives for more than 272 years — possibly more than 400.
"This extreme age was only revealed by scientists from Copenhagen last year. Little else is known about how the shark survives in the deep seas around the Arctic Circle.”
According to the spokesman, the shark has been seen to feed on seals, and been found with the remains of polar bears and whales in its stomach.
Shiels said more information is required to ensure the species is adequately protected.
She said, "Greenland sharks are classified as data deficient. This means that we don't know enough to put measures in place to protect them from over-fishing, pollution or climate change.”
Shiels, who specialises in cardiovascular function, will also be looking for clues about how the sharks heart and circulation work in its usual habitat deep below the ocean surface.
The research team will also seek to understand more about their toxicity. They are considered a delicacy in Iceland but have to be buried and part-fermented over a period of months to be edible.
Shiels added, "This expedition is one of the first to try and understand the physiology of Greenland sharks. With the expertise we have on the ship, we're confident that we can find out more about what makes this fish such an amazing creature.”