News ID: 189421
Published: 0307 GMT March 15, 2017

Humans may have triggered desertification of the Sahara

Humans may have triggered desertification of the Sahara

The desertification of the Sahara, which began 10,000 years ago, may have been at least partially caused by humans.

Most studies suggest the formation of the Sahara Desert — the world's largest hot desert — was brought about by changes in regional vegetation patterns and a shift in Earth's orbit, UPI wrote.

But some scientists have argued human activities may have encouraged the Sahara's formation.

David Wright, a researcher at Seoul National University, said, "In East Asia, there are long established theories of how Neolithic populations changed the landscape so profoundly that monsoons stopped penetrating so far inland.”

The spread of scrublands have previously been linked to the desertification of North Africa.

When Wright surveyed archeological data from the region, he found the movement of early pastoral communities in the Nile Valley tracked closely with the proliferation of scrub vegetation.

Wright and his colleagues suggest the introduction of livestock in North Africa, more than 8,000 years ago, altered the region's vegetation, suppressing the growth of larger bushes and trees.

Less vegetation left the region's surface more exposed and reflective, altering the atmospheric conditions.

These changes diminished the impact and reach of Africa's seasonal monsoons, further encouraging the development of scrub vegetation and desert — a feedback loop of desertification.

Wright, whose latest analysis was published in the journal Frontiers in Earth Science, believes lakebed sediments will further illuminate the role humans played in the Sahara's desertification.

Wright added, "There were lakes everywhere in the Sahara at this time, and they will have the records of the changing vegetation.

"We need to drill down into these former lake beds to get the vegetation records, look at the archeology, and see what people were doing there."

   
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